논문명 : ZeroKernel: Secure Context-isolated Execution on Commodity GPUs
학술지명 : IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing
저자명 : Ohmin Kwon, Yonggon Kim, Jaehyuk Huh, Hyunsoo Yoon
게재일 : 2019.10.01.
In the last decade, the dedicated graphics processing unit (GPU) has emerged as an architecture for high-performance computing workloads. Recently, researchers have also focused on the isolation property of a dedicated GPU and suggested GPU-based secure computing environments with several promising applications. However, despite the security analysis conducted by the prior studies, it has been unclear whether a dedicated GPU can be leveraged as a secure processor in the presence of a kernel-privileged attacker. In this paper, we first demonstrate the security of dedicated GPUs through comprehensive studies on context information for GPU execution. The paper shows that a kernel-privileged attacker can manipulate the GPU contexts to redirect memory accesses or execute arbitrary GPU codes on the running GPU kernel. Based on the security analysis, this paper proposes a new on-chip execution model for the dedicated GPU and a novel defense mechanism supporting the security of the on-chip execution. With comprehensive evaluation, the paper assures that the proposed solutions effectively isolate sensitive data in on-chip storages and defend against known attack vectors from a privileged attacker, supporting that the commodity GPUs can be leveraged as a secure processor.